Tony Kenneth Meunier

Tony Kenneth Meunier

Tony Meunier
Tony K Meunier during the US Antarctic Search for Meteorites in the Far Western Icefield, East Antarctica, one of his four scientific expeditions to the Polar regions during 4+ decades with the U.S. Geological Survey. Mirrored sunglasses are used to reflect blinding sunlight (Antarctica albedo is 92% reflected back into eyes and space) which quickly causes very painful and dangerous snow-blindness. Red parka stands out against the white snow making a person visible from long distances.

Tony Kenneth Meunier, Explorers Club Emeritus FN84, DC Chapter
Federal Employee, 49 years: USAF (1963-67), and U.S. Geological Survey (to present)

Bachelors and Master’s Degrees, State University of New York in Geology and Geosciences

Married (Betsy Ann Grossklaus) with children

Earth Science Applications using Remote Sensing (Aircraft and Spacecraft)

Deep Field Polar Expeditionary Team Member,

  • 1966-67 (DEW line SIGINT Communications),
  • 1973-75 (South Pole Station- Rocket and Satellite tracking geodesy and Topographic Mapping)
  • 1983-83 (U.S. Antarctic Search for Meteorites)
  • 1995-96 (Absolute Gravity; and Mapping Photography for Overland Route to Pole)

USGS Assistant Polar Program Manager, Antarctic Research

  • Geodesy, Geophysics, Surveying, Mapping and Aerial Photography, Meteoritics, Absolute Gravity


  • National Water (Digitize all US flowing water) Inventory System
  • National Land Cover Data Map, Conterminous US
  • National Land Cover Data Map, Alaska


  • Scientific compendiums, geoscience education, digital cartography, topographic and geologic mapping, GIS, earth science applications, meteoritics, and glaciology.